The news archive of the German Society for Philosophy of Science (GWP).

Submitted by Maria Kronfeldner (Central European University, Budapest).

 

CfA: Two fully funded PhD fellowships at CEU (one in history, one in philosophy) on understanding humanity

Apply now! (Deadline: January 30, 2020)

Central European University (CEU, Budapest-Vienna) invites applications for two new and fully funded interdisciplinary Joint PhD Fellowships starting in the 2020/21 academic year in the thematic area of Understanding Humanity. The CEU Joint PhD Fellowship Scheme entails co-supervision by expert faculty members from the Department of Philosophy and Department of History, who are already engaged in ongoing research in the designated thematic area, e.g., as part of the project “The Epistemology of the In/Human.” One Fellow will pursue a PhD in Philosophy and the other one a PhD in Comparative History.

See full CfA here: https://philosophy.ceu.edu/programs/joint-phd

Deadline: Jan 30, 2020

Submitted by Florian Boge (Bergische Universität Wuppertal and Aachen University of Technology).

 

MACHINE LEARNING: PREDICTION WITHOUT EXPLANATION?

“Machine Learning: Prediction without Explanation?” is a 2-day workshop taking place from 17 to 18 February 2020 at the Karlsruhe Institute for Technology (KIT), Germany. It aims to bring together philosophers of science and scholars from various fields using Machine Learning techniques, to reflect on the changing face of science in the light of Machine Learning’s constantly growing use. This workshop is organized by the project “The Impact of Computer Simulations and Machine Learning on the Epistemic Status of LHC Data” within the interdisciplinary, DFG/FWF-funded research unit “Epistemology of the LHC”.

Over the last decades, Machine Learning techniques have gained prominence in various areas of science. However, Machine Learning largely aims at predictions and does not seem to provide explanations for these, at least not in the same sense as predictions from theories or models do. Depending on the area of application, explanations may be desired or even necessary though. In this workshop, we want to address the complex of questions regarding scientific explanation that arise from this observation. These include, but are not restricted to:

§ Will future science favor prediction over explanation?

§ What methods are available to use Machine Learning results for explanations?

§ What is the nature of these explanations?

§ Does Machine Learning introduce a shift from the classical scientific explanation towards a statistical interpretation of explanation?

CONFIRMED SPEAKERS
Philosophy
Johannes Lenhard, Bielefeld University
Andreas Kaminski, Stuttgart University

Machine Learning practitioners
Stefan Hinz, KIT
Erwin Zehe, KIT

REGISTRATION
You can apply to the workshop by sending an abstract of maximal 500 words to MLworkshop2020@itas.kit.edu.
If you want to participate in the workshop without presenting please register through the same email address.
There is no registration fee. The deadline for registration is January 05, 2020.

ORGANIZATION & CONTACT
This workshop is organized by the project “The Impact of Computer Simulations and Machine Learning on the Epistemic Status of LHC Data” within the interdisciplinary, DFG/FWF-funded research unit “Epistemology of the LHC”. For further information, please contact the organizers:

§ Paul Grünke (KIT) paul.gruenke@kit.edu

§ Rafaela Hillerbrand (KIT) rafaela.hillerbrand@kit.edu

Submitted by Rafael Ugarte Chacón (University of Hannover).

 

Leibniz University Hannover and Bielefeld University jointly seek to fill

5 Doctoral Candidate Positions (65% TV-L 13)
2 Postdoc Positions (100% TV-L 13)
in Ethics of Science and/or Philosophy of Science

starting April 1, 2020, within the Graduiertenkolleg (research training group) GRK 2073 “Integrating Ethics and Epistemology of Scientific Research”.

GRK 2073 “Integrating Ethics and Epistemology of Scientific Research” is a research training group that is established as a joint project by Leibniz University Hannover and Bielefeld University. It is funded by the German national funding agency (DFG). Its research program aims at bridging the gap between practice and theory in the philosophical investigation of scientific research in two ways: firstly, it examines new connections between practical philosophy of science (ethics of science, political philosophy of science) and theoretical philosophy of science (epistemology, metaphysics); secondly, it analyzes relevant links between the material culture of the sciences (objects, equipment, experiments, practices) and the cognitive dimension of the sciences (theories, hypotheses, discourses, models). The working language of GRK 2073 is English.

Please consult our website https://grk2073.org/apply/ for more details about the positions and requirements. For informal enquiries please contact Rafael Ugarte Chacón (rafael.ugarte.chacon@philos.uni-hannover.de).

Applications should be sent by e-mail to admissions@philos.uni-hannover.de and must be received by December 12, 2019. Please consult by all means the application guide on our website for further information on how to apply (as well as on the research training group and the positions offered).

Leibniz University Hannover and Bielefeld University both aim to promote women within the scope of the statutory provisions and, hence, emphatically invite qualified women to apply for these positions. Severely disabled applicants will be given preferential consideration in the event of equal qualification.

Submitted by Oliver Schaudt (University of Heidelberg).

 

Conference description:
Measurement at the Crossroads 2020 is an interdisciplinary conference that explores the philosophy and history of measurement. It aims at consolidating and developing the study of these topics, following the conferences in Bielefeld (2013), Cambridge (2015), and Paris (2018).

The conference intends to promote the reflection on the foundations of measurement across the sciences from philosophical, historical, and sociological points of view. In particular, it will aim to gather scholars from different disciplines to study within diverse perspectives the role of modeling in measurement, the use of measurement in modeling, and the way of demarcating the scope of these activities. In fact, measuring and modeling are fundamental activities for understanding both natural and human domains: through measurements we aim at acquiring objective and intersubjective information about the world; through models we are able to understand complex systems and to predict their dynamics. Although crucially different as activities, measuring and modeling are profoundly intertwined. On the one hand, models are essential in order to select what is to be measured, to provide a sound interpretation of measurement results, and to assess their dependability. On the other hand, measurements are indispensable for determining the quality of models and their ability to capture their intended targets. In the last decades, a growing interest on the connections between measuring and modeling has arisen, from a better comprehension of measurement processes and how model simulations can be used to integrate measurement results, to the idea that the distinction between measurements and simulations is to be thought anew.

Topics:
The range of topics of interest includes but is not limited to:

1. Models in measurement

  • The role of models in measurement
  • The role of models in justifying measurement results
  • Models, intersubjectivity, objectivity, validation
  • Models of measurement from a historical point of view

2. Model of measurement

  • The general structure of the measurement process
  • The structure of measurement in social and human sciences
  • Transduction and calibration in measurement
  • History of the conception of the structure of measurement

3. Measurement and simulation

  • Connections between measuring and simulating
  • Can simulation substitute measurement?

4. Measurement and Data Science

  • Measurement and data quality
  • Measurement and data analysis
  • Measurement and big data

Important dates:
Deadline for submission: 31 January 2020
Notification of acceptance: 15 April 2020

Submission Guidelines:
We invite submissions for 20 / 30 minute presentations, with 10 additional minutes for discussion. Please send a 1000-word abstract in PDF prepared for blind review. All abstracts should be submitted electronically using the EasyChair submission page at: <https://easychair.org/account/signin_timeout?l=BIsuVnQpDNWfJlJzZ5dofI#>

Submitted by Jürgen Landes (MCMP, LMU Munich).

 

The Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy invites submissions for the following event:

Bayesian Epistemology: Perspectives and Challenges

MCMP, LMU Munich

August 10-14, 2020

https://www.mcmp.philosophie.uni-muenchen.de/events/workshops/container/bayesian_epistemology_2020/index.html



The conference on 12-14 August 2020 is preceded by a Summer School on 10-11 August 2020.

Bayesian epistemology remains the dominant account of rational beliefs, it underpins the dominant account of decision making in science and beyond, as well as many of our statistical methods.
While important applications continue to to emerge, the work on the foundations of Bayesian epistemology never stops and a number of challenges are emerging.
The aim of this conference is bring together scholars exploring applications, challenges and foundations of Bayesian epistemology.

Call for papers
Please, prepare an abstract (up to 1 page) for double-blind peer-review and submit via easychair until 11. Jan 2020.
Final decisions of acceptance will be made with considerations of diversity in mind. Some preference may be given to less senior scholars.
Some contributions may be accepted as poster presentations, this will depend on quality and quantity of submissions received.Please, indicate whether you are interested in presenting your submission also as a poster.
Please, also indicate whether you would like to contribute a manuscript (rather than a talk) to a special issue dedicated to the issues of the conference.

Organizers
Jürgen Landes (MCMP, LMU Munich)

(Submitted by Vienna Circle Society).

 

Call For Application (Deadline: February 15, 2020)

REPRESENTATION IN ART AND SCIENCE

Univie Summer School – Scientific World Conceptions (USS-SWC) July 6–17, 2020

The Univie Summer School – Scientific World Conceptions (USS-SWC) – until 2014 under the label “Vienna International Summer University” – will be held from July 6 to 17, 2020. The topic of the two-week course is “Representation in Art and Science ”. The main lecturers are Chiara Ambrosio (University College London), Angela Breitenbach (University of Cambridge) and Dominic McIver Lopes (University of British Columbia).

As an international interdisciplinary program, USS SWC brings graduate students in close contact with world-renowned scholars. The program is directed primarily to graduate students and junior researchers in fields related to the annual topic, but the organizers also encourage applications from gifted undergraduates and from people in all stages of their career who wish to broaden their horizon through crossdisciplinary studies of methodological and foundational issues in science.

The topic of the two-week course is ”Representation in Art and Science “:

The “two cultures” meme encourages a picture of art and science as opposites, and as sharing so little in common that it is difficult to “bridge” a deep gap between them. In fact, however, the arts and the sciences share many of the same representational tools, and exploit many of the same cognitive processes responsible for the working of those representational tools. This two-week workshop explores what can be learned about the arts and the sciences through an examination of their common languages, practices, and methodologies. Topics to be covered include: depiction, fiction and imagination, narrative, metaphor and analogy, and aesthetic value in science and the arts. Drawing on historical and contemporary approaches, we will examine the epistemic role of these phenomena in the sciences and also to their role in presenting scientific results.

 

Topics will include:

  • art and science — two cultures?
  • theories of depiction and images in science
  • theories of fiction and models as fictions
  • aesthetic value in science
  • metaphor in science
  • imagination in art and science

 

Application form and further information: http://www.univie.ac.at/vcs/SWC/

 

The Lecturers:

Chiara Ambrosio (University College London)

https://www.ucl.ac.uk/sts/people/dr-chiara-ambrosio

Angela Breitenbach (University of Cambridge)

http://angelabreitenbach.weebly.com/

Dominic McIver Lopes (University of British Columbia)

http://lopes.mentalpaint.net/

 

USS-SWC operates under the academic supervision of an International Program Committee of distinguished philosophers, historians, and scientists. Its members represent the scientific fields in the scope of USS-SWC, make contact to their home universities and will also support acknowledgement of courses taken by the students. USS-SWC is organised every year by the Institute Vienna Circle of the University of Vienna.

http://www.univie.ac.at/vcs/

http://wienerkreis.univie.ac.at/

 

Opening

Venue: Erika-Weinzierl-Saal, University of Vienna, Main Building, Universitätsring 1, 1010 Wien

Time: Monday, July 6, 2020, 9 a.m.

 

Further Information

www.univie.ac.at/vcs/SWC

From 2010 to 2018 USS-SWC was a part of the curriculum of the doctoral programme “The Sciences in Historical, Philosophical and Cultural Contexts”

http://dkplus-sciences-contexts.univie.ac.at/

There is an exchange programme with Duke University (North Carolina):

http://international.univie.ac.at/outgoing-students/non-eu-student-exchange-program/kom-2-bewerbungsunterlagen/

 

For further inquiries, please send email to martin.kusch@univie.ac.at or consult the IVC’s Web site.

 

Inquiries:

Organisation:

Robert Kaller

Institute Vienna Circle

Alserstraße 23

Top 32

1080 Wien

vcs@univie.ac.at

Tel. +43-1-4277-41232

Scientific director:

Prof. Martin Kusch

Department of Philosophy

University of Vienna

martin.kusch@univie.ac.at

 

Wiener Kreis Gesellschaft/Vienna Circle Society

Universitätscampus, Hof 1

Spitalgasse 2-4

A-1090 Wien, Austria

Tel:  +43-1-4277 46504

Fax: +43-1-4277 9465

vcs@univie.ac.at

http://www.univie.ac.at/vcs/

Submitted by Andrea Reichenberger (Paderborn University).

 

Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren, sehr geehrte Kolleg*innen,

Wir möchten Ihnen den Pilot für ein Mentoring-Programm für akademische Philosoph*innen von SWIP Germany e.V. vorstellen und Sie einladen, bei Interesse als Mentor*in oder Mentee teilzunehmen.

Mit diesem Programm möchte SWIP Germany einen Beitrag zur Geschlechtergerechtigkeit und Chancengleichheit leisten und dazu beitragen, die Unterrepräsentation von Frauen auf den höheren Qualifikationsstufen (vor allem auf der Ebene von PostDocs und Professor*innen) zu beheben, die in der deutschsprachigen akademischen Philosophie nach wie vor besteht.

Wir wollen “Nachwuchs”wissenschaftler*innen die Möglichkeit bieten, Wissenschaftler*innen, die bereits einige Karrierestufen weiter sind, punktuell und zu konkreten Problemen um Rat zu fragen. Anders als bei anderen Mentoring-Programmen geht es nicht zwingend um eine längerfristige Mentoring-Beziehung. Wir haben folgendes Vorgehen geplant:

– Die Mentor*innen geben in einem Formular an, zu welchen Themen sie Tipps geben können und wollen:
http://swip-philosophinnen.org/mentorin-werden/

– Potentielle Mentees können ein Formular ausfüllen und die Themen angeben, zu welchen sie Beratungsbedarf haben:
http://swip-philosophinnen.org/mentee-werden/

– SWIP Germany sucht eine*n passende*n Mentor*in und fragt an, ob diese*r für ein Gespräch zu den von der Mentee angegebenen Themen zur Verfügung steht. Das Gespräch kann persönlich, telefonisch oder über Skype erfolgen und soll in der Regel nicht mehr als max. 1,5 Stunden in Anspruch nehmen.

–  Wir behandeln Ihr Engagement natürlich vertraulich, d.h. SWIP Germany veröffentlicht nicht, wer als Mentor*in oder Mentee involviert ist.

– Gerne können potentielle Mentorinnen zugleich auch Ihr Interesse äußern, Mentees zu sein. Das heißt konkret: Haben Sie als Mentorin das Formular ausgefüllt, dürfen Sie auch gerne das Formular für Mentees einreichen.

SWIP Germany bemüht sich darum, kein*e Mentor*in überproportional oft für Beratungsgespräche anzufragen, und zudem muss natürlich kein*e Mentor*in jede einzelne Anfrage annehmen. Ebenso können Mentees bestimmte Personen als Mentoren ablehnen. Wir sind dankbar, wenn Sie sich ein- bis zweimal im Jahr Zeit dafür nehmen, einer “Nachwuchs”wissenschaftlerin mit Ihrem Wissen zur Seite zu stehen!

Website des Programms:
http://swip-philosophinnen.org/mentee-oder-mentorin-werden/

Falls Sie Rückfragen oder Anregungen zum Programm haben, zögern Sie bitte nicht, sich bei uns zu melden:
mentoring@swip-philosophinnen.org

Wir freuen uns über Ihr Engagement für mehr Chancengleichheit in der deutschsprachigen Philosophie.

Mit den besten Grüßen
Ihr SWIP-Mentoring-Team: Christine Bratu, Lisa Herzog, Insa Lawler, Johanna Müller, Andrea Reichenberger, Almut von Wedelstaedt