The news section of the German Society for Philosophy of Science (GWP)

Submitted by Paul Hasselkuß (Heinrich Heine University Duesseldorf).

31st Novembertagung on the History and Philosophy of Mathematics “AXIOMATICS: ANCIENT AND CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVES”


November 26th–28th 2020, 9:30 – 18:00 CET / UTC+1Online, hosted by Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany


The Novembertagung is an international graduate conference on the History and Philosophy of Mathematics and neighbouring fields. It aims to provide an opportunity for graduate students at all levels to present and discuss their research in an informal and safe environment. It also allows early career researchers to share experiences, get advice, and establish new contacts.

Keynote talks:

  • Tinne Hoff Kjeldsen (Copenhagen): TBA
  • Juliette Kennedy (Helsinki): “The Foundational Project. Where Do We Stand?”
  • Dirk Schlimm (McGill): “Axioms in Mathematical Practice”

The full programme can be found on our website: https://wp.me/P3q6kn-dU. To participate, please register here: https://wp.me/P3q6kn-dO. Please note: to maintain the usual community-feeling and to allow networking, we hope that you participate in most of the conference.


On the theme: While Euclid (c. 3rd century BC) is usually celebrated as the beginning of axiomatic science, many features that are nowadays taken to be essential to axiomatics––such as the explicit statement of inference rules and the requirement of primitive, undefined notions––appear to be alien to ancient mathematics. A major contemporary change in the view on axiomatics was initiated by the adoption of the set-theoretic axiomatic framework as a foundation of mathematics in the first half of the 20th century. Proof theory and model theory subsequently developed as independent research fields and had a wide impact on philosophical thought. On the other hand, some philosophers also argue that the axiomatic view on mathematics may be harmful in that it omits fundamental aspects of mathematical practice and idealizes mathematical reasoning in an unfaithful way.

Organization: Paul Hasselkuß (Universität Düsseldorf), Tiago Hirth (ULisboa), Deborah Kant (Universität Konstanz), Deniz Sarikaya (Universität Hamburg), Tobias Schütz (Universität Mainz), Anna Kiel Steensen (ETH Zürich), and Benjamin Wilck (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin).

Support: This event is hosted by the Research Training Group Philosophy, Science and the Sciences at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and generously supported by the British Society for the History of Mathematics (BSHM), International Commission on the History of Mathematics (ICHM), GDR 3398 “Histoire des mathématiques”, the German Society for Philosophy of Science (GWP), the Ludus association and the Schimank – Foundation.


Contact: For any query, do not hesitate to send us an e-mail at novembertagung2020 [at] gmail [dot] com. Further info can be found on our website: https://novembertagung.wordpress.com.

Submitted by Sander Verhaegh (TiLPS, Tilburg University).

 

Call for Registration: 4th TiLPS History of Analytic Philosophy Workshop (online)

Date: December 14 and 15, 2020
Location: Online (Zoom)
Website: https://thapw2020.wordpress.com

Everyone is cordially invited. If you would like to attend, please register at https://thapw2020.wordpress.com/registration/ before December 1. The conference is free of charge and will take place via Zoom. All speakers and registered participants will get access to the online repository with video presentations and receive an invitation for the Q&A sessions on Zoom.

Keynotes
Esther Ramharter (Institute Vienna Circle/University of Vienna)
Sami Pihlström (University of Helsinki)

Panel discussion: The canon of analytic philosophy
Sandra Lapointe (McMaster University)
Esther Ramharter (Institute Vienna Circle/University of Vienna)
Sami Pihlström (University of Helsinki)

Contributed talks
Adam Tamas Tuboly (Institute of Philosophy, Budapest)
Andrea Reichenberger (Paderborn University)
Anna Bellomo (ILLC, University of Amsterdam)
Annapaola Ginammi (ILLC, University of Amsterdam)
Arnaud Dewalque (University of Liège)
Byeong-uk Yi (University of Toronto)
Caterina Sisti (Scuola Normale Superiore)
Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla (DCLPS, University of Duesseldorf)
Daniel Kuby (University of Konstanz)
David E. Dunning (Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford)
Dirk Franken (University of Mainz)
Dominik Jarczewski (Dominican School of Philosophy and Theology, Cracow)
Dongwoo Kim (Graduate Center, CUNY)
Edoardo Peruzzi (Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa)
Edward Guetti (Hunter College, CUNY)
Eugenio Petrovich (University of Siena)
Flavio Baracco (Vossius Center, University of Amsterdam)
Fons Dewulf (Ghent University)
Frederique Janssen-Lauret (University of Manchester)
Gareth R. Pearce (University of Vienna)
Giulia Corti (King’s College London)
Giulia Felappi (University of Southampton)
Günther Eder (University of Vienna)
Henri Wagner (University Bordeaux Montaigne)
James Matthew Fielding (Université Paris I, Panthéon-Sorbonne)
Jamie Shaw (University of Toronto)
Jan Claas (Hamburg University)
Jann Paul Engler (University of St. Andrews/University of Stirling)
Joan Bertran-San-Millán (Institute of Philosophy, Czech Academy of Sciences)
Jody Fairhurst (Universitat de les Illes Balears)
Joel Katzav (The University of Queensland)
Jonas Raab (University of Manchester)
Joshua Eisenthal (California Institute of Technology)
Karl Egerton (University of Hertfordshire)
Kian Mintz-Woo (University College Cork)
Krystian Bogucki (University of Warsaw)
Landon D. C. Elkind (University of Alberta)
Lois Rendl (University of Vienna)
Luca Corti (University of Padua)
Lukas Skiba (University of Hamburg)
Marta Maria Vilardo (University of Catania)
Matt Carlson (Wabash College)
Miklós Márton (ELTE University Budapest)
Ori Simchen (University of British Columbia)
Paul L. Franco (University of Washington-Seattle)
Rachel Boddy (Utrecht University)
Robert May (University of California, Davis)
Serdal Tümkaya (Middle East Technical University)
Shunichi Takagi (University College London)
Simone Nota (Trinity College Dublin)
Teemu Tauriainen (University of Jyväskylä)
Tibor Bárány (Budapest University of Technology and Economics)
Ties van Gemert (Tilburg University)
Wim Vanrie (Ghent University)

Full program available on https://thapw2020.wordpress.com/conference-program/

Submitted by Adrian Wüthrich (TU Berlin).

 

Call for Papers

Virtual entities in science: a virtual workshop

5, 12 and 19 March 2021, online

Organized by the Project “Virtual Particles” (A1) of the Research Unit “The Epistemology of the Large Hadron Collider”

Not only since the sudden increase of online communication due to the COVID-19 situation has the concept of the “virtual” made its way into everyday language. In this context, it mostly denotes a digital substitute of a real object or process. “Virtual reality” is perhaps the best known term in this respect.

With these digital connotations, “virtuality” has been used also in science and research: Chemists use virtual laboratories, biologists do virtual scanning of molecular structures, and geologists engage in virtual field trips.

But the concept of the “virtual” has a much longer tradition, dating back to long before the dawn of the digital age. Virtual displacements and virtual images were introduced in classical physics already in the 18th century. They represented auxiliary objects or processes without instantiation, with the purpose of efficiently describing specific physical systems. Through Heisenberg’s use of “potentia” in his late attempts to interpret quantum mechanics, the term “virtual” may even relate back to Aristotle.

In today’s physics, the term virtual is mostly associated with the quantum world, first and foremost with the “virtual particle” of quantum field theory. It has become such an integral part of modern high energy physics that its ontological character may be considered to go beyond the purely auxiliary, which is typically associated with the virtual. The various possibilities for a virtual particle to manifest itself in a measurement highlights, furthermore, how “potentiality” continues to be a characteristic feature of virtual entities.

In other disciplines, however, use of the term “virtual” without a digital connotation is much rarer. While concepts like “virtual adrenaline” in medicine and biochemistry arise in the 1940s, and the “virtual moon” figures quite prominently in some (English translations of) Babylonian calendar texts, these examples seem to be rather singular occurrences of entities that were explicitly called “virtual”. The basic idea behind the terminology of the virtual, however, could be much more common, even outside of physics. The “invisible hand” in economics, or the “vital force” in biology, for instance, do carry aspects of a virtual entity, even if they have not been called that way.

For this workshop we invite contributions that address the historical formation and philosophical interpretation of concepts of virtual entities in physics and other disciplines – in whatever terms they may come. The main goal of the workshop is to bring to the fore similarities and differences in the meanings and functions of these concepts so as to be able to precisely characterize why certain entities are considered virtual in specific contexts, why a different terminology was often used in each individual case and in what sense the virtual entities relate to the real world.

We are looking for contributions that address the role of these concepts in theoretical as well as experimental activities, and for investigations into the origins of the terminology of the virtual as it was applied to the various disciplines of natural science. Work that integrates philosophical and historical approaches is particularly welcome.

Among other things, contributions may focus on one of the following aspects which are usually associated with virtual entities, in particular if we think of the virtual particle of modern quantum field theory:

  • The terminology of virtuality, including its etymology, and why it was applied to the entities in question: Why not other terms like “substitute” or “auxiliary”?
  • The potentiality inherent in virtual entities to bring about certain effects, which may eventually be realized or not: How is this to be understood exactly?
  • The ontology of virtual entities: How is it different from real entities, and how do we get epistemic access to virtual entities?

The workshop will be held online. Apart from the contributed talks, the program will feature a small number of keynotes. To contribute a paper, please send a title and an abstract (approx. 200 words) along with your name, affiliation and contact details to adrian.wuethrich@tu-berlin.de no later than 15 November 2020.

For further information and updates please consult the conference webpage or contact one of the organizers.

Robert Harlander, Jean-Philippe Martinez, Friedrich Steinle, Adrian Wüthrich (adrian.wuethrich@tu-berlin.de)

Submitted by Ludger Jansen (WWU Münster).

 

Das Zentrum für Wissenschaftstheorie (ZfW) vergibt für das Sommersemester 2021 vier vergütete

Lehraufträge (2 SWS)

Die Lehrveranstaltungen sind den Allgemeinen Studien zugeordnet, richten sich an wissenschaftstheoretisch interessierte Studierende aller Fächer und sollen einem der drei folgenden Bereiche zugeordnet werden:

  1. Klassiker der Wissenschaftstheorie (z.B. Kuhn, Popper etc.),
  2. Vertiefungsveranstaltungen zur allgemeinen Wissenschaftstheorie,
  3. Seminare zur speziellen Wissenschaftstheorie (z. B. zur Wissenschaftstheorie der Physik, Psychologie, Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaften etc.).

BewerberInnen sollten

  • über einen qualifizierten Hochschulabschluss und über grundlegende Kompetenzen in einem der genannten Lehrbereiche verfügen und
  • bereit sein, eigenständig Seminarkonzepte zu entwerfen und den besonderen Bedürfnissen der Studierenden in den Allgemeinen Studien anzupassen.

Besonders erwünscht sind Bewerbungen von nicht nur philosophisch, sondern auch natur-, kultur- oder sozialwissenschaftlich ausgewiesenen AbsolventInnen.
Bewerbungen mit den üblichen Unterlagen (Lebenslauf, Zeugnisse) sowie einem kurzen Seminarkonzept (max. eine halbe DIN-A4-Seite, ggf. zuzüglich eines groben Sitzungsplans) sind bis zum 13. Oktober 2020 an PD Dr. Ludger Jansen (ludger.jansen@wwu.de) zu richten. Die Einsendung mehrerer Seminarkonzepte ist möglich. Bitte geben Sie an, ob das Seminar wöchentlich oder als Block geplant ist und ob es als Präsenz- und/oder Onlineveranstaltung stattfinden kann.
Infos: http://www.uni-muenster.de/Wissenschaftstheorie

Submitted by Leonie Wiemeyer (Leibniz University Hannover).

 

The Research Training Group GRK 2073 “Integrating Ethics and
Epistemology of Scientific Research”) at the Institute of Philosophy of Leibniz University Hannover invites applications for a position as a

Research Assistant – Postdoc (m/f/d, Salary Scale E13 TV-L, 100 %)

to start on 1 January 2021. The position is limited to 30 September
2024. Application deadline: 30 September 2020.

For further information, please see https://grk2073.org/apply/.

We would be very grateful if you could disseminate this job opening at your research institute and among early-career researchers, for example via mailing lists and social media. Please contact Leonie Wiemeyer (leonie.wiemeyer@philos.uni-hannover.de) with any questions you may have.

Submitted by Anne Sophie Meincke (University of Vienna).

 

I PraeDoc positions at the Department of Philosophy at the University of Vienna

The University of Vienna (20 faculties and centres, 178 fields of study, approx. 9.800 members of staff, about 90.000 students) seeks to fill the position from 01.10.2020 of a

University Assistant (prae doc)
at the Department of Philosophy

Reference number: 10969

The advertised positions are located at the Vienna Doctoral School of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy. Starting in Oct. 2020, the Vienna Doctoral School in Philosophy (VDP) unites the research strengths of the Department of Philosophy of the University of Vienna to create an international hub for doctoral research in academic philosophy.
The VDP supports research from all major domains of philosophical research. Moreover, the VDP endorses and promotes a plurality of different philosophical traditions, methods, and forms of thought. The VDP is committed to diversity in its composition. The VDP fosters cross-fertilization between research projects in different fields and in different traditions, and it gives its doctoral researchers a competitive edge by providing them with broad areas of competence as well as in-depth specialization. The VDP’s ambitious profile builds on the unusually high number of internationally leading VDP faculty members from a wide variety of philosophical domains and schools of philosophical research.

Duration of employment: 4 year/s

Extent of Employment: 30 hours/week
Job grading in accordance with collective bargaining agreement: §48 VwGr. B1 Grundstufe (praedoc) with relevant work experience determining the assignment to a particular salary grade.

Job Description:
The successful candidates will pursue their independent doctoral research project in any subfield of philosophy within a structured PhD program in cooperation with at least one VDP supervisor at the Department of Philosophy of the University of Vienna in accordance to the VDP Code of Good Practice.
The successful candidates will participate in research and administration (incl. participation in publication projects, workshop organization, and VDP self-organized activities).
The successful candidates will develop their doctoral thesis project in cooperation with their supervisor(s) and their Thesis Advisory Committee. We expect the successful candidate to sign a doctoral thesis agreement within 12-18 months.
Participation in teaching and independent teaching of courses as defined by the collective agreement.

Applications are invited from all subfields of philosophical research (esp. Theoretical Philosophy, Practical Philosophy, History of Philosophy).

Profile:
– MA in Philosophy (alternatively: MA in a subject that is relevant to the proposed research topic with a BA or substantive coursework in Philosophy)
– Excellent command of written and spoken English
– Ability to carry out independent research and to work in a team

The University of Vienna strives to promote equality in academia. In light of recent findings on implicit bias, we kindly ask applicants to submit their application in an anonymized form.

The applicant must select at least one potential supervisor; a list of the potential supervisors, together with their fields of specialization, can be found at:
https://vd-philosophy.univie.ac.at/faculty/

Your application should include:
– A letter of motivation (anonymized)
– An academic curriculum vitae (anonymized)
– List of publications, evidence of teaching experience (if available)
– A short doctoral project proposal (2000 words max., excluding bibliography; anonymized)
– A writing sample (5000 words max.; anonymized)
– A separate document with the applicant’s general information (incl. the names of 1-2 potential VDP supervisors)
– Degree certificates (relevant undergraduate and graduate transcripts and diplomas)
– Two letters of recommendation, to be sent by the referees directly to jobcenter@univie.ac.at (Reference number: 10969)

Research fields:
Main research field
Special research fields Importance
Philosophy, Ethics
Philosophy MUST

Applications including a letter of motivation (German or English) should be submitted via the Job Center to the University of Vienna (http://jobcenter.univie.ac.at) no later than 30.08.2020, mentioning reference number 10969.

For further information please contact Sailer, Katherina +43-1-4277-46401.

The University pursues a non-discriminatory employment policy and values equal opportunities, as well as diversity (http://diversity.univie.ac.at/). The University lays special emphasis on increasing the number of women in senior and in academic positions. Given equal qualifications, preference will be given to female applicants.

Human Resources and Gender Equality of the University of Vienna
Reference number: 10969
E-Mail: jobcenter@univie.ac.at
Privacy Policy of the University of Vienna

https://univis.univie.ac.at/ausschreibungstellensuche/flow/bew_ausschreibung-flow;jsessionid=DB70D9FDB462E09976090AEA3E3FAE22?_flowExecutionKey=_c39491053-6BB7-1D89-8FE3-A9E56BC1001F_k684A320F-6420-A59A-F0E3-42DAE0B0AB0D&tid=79893.28&_language=en

 

 

II Coordinator position for the Vienna Doctoral School in Philosophy (VDS)

The University of Vienna (20 faculties and centres, 178 fields of study, approx. 9.800 members of staff, about 90.000 students) seeks to fill the position as soon as possible of a

Coordinator
at the Faculty of Philosophy and Education

Reference number: 10980

The open position is located at the Faculty of Philosophy and Education of the University of Vienna, Austria. The successful applicant will work together with the Directors towards establishing the newly funded Vienna Doctoral School in Philosophy (VDP) as a hub of academic research in philosophy, and an inclusive and supportive work environment. Information on the VDP is available on https://vds-philosophy.univie.ac.at/.

Duration of employment: 4 year/s

Extent of Employment: 40 hours/week
Job grading in accordance with collective bargaining agreement: §54 VwGr. IVa with relevant work experience determining the assignment to a particular salary grade.

Job Description:
The tasks of the successful candidate will be to coordinate and implement the measures and structures of the doctoral school, especially the following:
– Coordination of the constitution and meetings of the Thesis Advisory Committees of the VDP doctoral researchers,
– Advisory service for the doctoral students, e.g., support of the doctoral researchers with the set-up of self-organized activities (DocWIP etc.),
– Coordination and organization of the VDP activities, esp. the VDP invited lecture series, workshops, and the VDP summer school,
– Public relations, networking for the VDP incl. content generation and maintenance of the VDP webpage; coordination of the measures for quality assessment, in coordination with the central services of the University of Vienna,
– Administrative duties, esp. the administration of the VDP budget. Various administrative tasks, such as the international dissemination of advertisement for open VDP doctoral researcher positions, coordination of the allocation of travel grants etc., room management for the VDP activities,
– Coordination of the various bodies of the VDP in cooperation with the student service center and the Dean’s office,
– 20 % (8 hours per week) may be used for own scientific projects (research, publications).

Profile:
– Completed PhD in any area of philosophy,
– Interest in, knowledge of, and preferably international experience with the structure and organization of current doctoral research in philosophy at the international level; interest in new developments and best practices in this area.
– Solid language skills in English and German,
– Excellent computer skills. The Coordinator will have to work with SAP and Typo3 and special programmes of University of Vienna; experience with these tools or other content management and accounting systems is preferred.
– Reliability, capacity for teamwork as well as for independent work under sometimes stressful conditions,
– Research project in philosophy.

Applications should include the following:
– A letter of motivation that elaborates on the candidate’s views on and own experience with good practices in doctoral training in Philosophy
– CV
– Academic certificates
– Research project (2000 words max. [not counting bibliography])
– Writing sample (preferably, a published paper or book chapter)
– Relevant transcripts and diplomas
– Two letters of recommendation, to be sent by the referees directly to dekanat.philbild@univie.ac.at (Subject: JC10980, Letter of recommendation, Name).

Applications including a letter of motivation (German or English) should be submitted via the Job Center to the University of Vienna (http://jobcenter.univie.ac.at) no later than 30.08.2020, mentioning reference number 10980.

For further information please contact Schmid, Hans Bernhard +43-1-4277-46488.

The University pursues a non-discriminatory employment policy and values equal opportunities, as well as diversity (http://diversity.univie.ac.at/). The University lays special emphasis on increasing the number of women in senior and in academic positions. Given equal qualifications, preference will be given to female applicants.

Human Resources and Gender Equality of the University of Vienna
Reference number: 10980
E-Mail: jobcenter@univie.ac.at
Privacy Policy of the University of Vienna

https://univis.univie.ac.at/ausschreibungstellensuche/flow/bew_ausschreibung-flow;jsessionid=76BC23E2AF0603EE0DFBC90857C2B745?_flowExecutionKey=_cABF3C42A-D9F5-FB50-5214-A122E9FD022D_kBDFCFB96-C617-F6E3-0CFE-04414F4CB78F&tid=79988.28&_language=en

Submitted by Florian J. Boge (University of Wuppertal).

 

Synthese Topical Collection on
Simplicity out of Complexity? Physics and the Aims of Science

Extended Deadline: 30 September 2020

Guest Editors
Florian J. Boge (University of Wuppertal)
Paul Grünke (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)
Martin King (University of Bonn)
Miguel Ángel Carretero Sahuquillo (University of Wuppertal)

Description
The world we live in is notoriously complex: there is an outright zoo of material particles, a vast variety of different species, a whole plethora of stars and galaxies, and so forth. Yet many scientific achievements, such as the Standard Model of particle physics or Darwin’s theory of natural selection, allow us to manage part of this complexity by means of a simple set of laws or general rules.
Simplicity has often been assumed to be an epistemic ideal, most clearly exemplified in physics, with its trend towards encompassing theories that feature only a small number of fundamental laws, capable of explaining a large number of diverse phenomena.
This view of science, with physics at the center stage, has arguably provided the dominant narrative in mainstream philosophy of science throughout the 20th century. Yet many questions arise when one zooms in on the details. For instance: in what sense can the laws of physics be said to be simple, when concrete computations based on them are tedious or even impossible? How do notions of simplicity differ across the sciences, and what are their commonalities? Does the striving for simplification of perceived complexity imply an unjustified reductionism? Is simplicity really an epistemic ideal or just endorsed for pragmatic reasons, and maybe even an unreliable guide to truth? If so, what should it be replaced with?
The aim of this Topical Collection is to bring together contributions from different fields, such as (the philosophy of) physics, biology, economy, psychology, linguistics, or general philosophy of science. Topics may include but are not limited to:

  • epistemic vs. practical: Is simplicity an epistemic goal of science or just a practical benefit? (Why) should theories aim for simplicity, or (why) not?
  • physics vs. other sciences: Does the complexity of the world largely preclude simple science? Is complexity also an aim of the special sciences? Does contemporary physics really aim at simplicity?
  • the concept of simplicity in science: What does it mean to be a ‘simple’ theory? What is simplicity? Can there be a unified account of simplicity or should one embrace pluralism?

We invite contributions from the full spectrum of disciplines and their respective philosophies, scientists and scholars reflecting on their respective and neighboring research fields, as well as historians, philosophers and sociologists of science investigating the epistemologies, practices, and discourses of fellow epistemic communities.

For further information, please contact the guest editors:
Florian J. Boge fjboge@uni-wuppertal.de
Paul Grünke paul.gruenke@kit.edu
Martin King mking@uni-bonn.de
Miguel Ángel Carretero Sahuquillo carreterosahuqu@uni-wuppertal.de

The extended deadline for submissions is 30 September 2020
Submit your paper through the Synthese Editorial Manager under a dedicated heading entitled “T.C.: Simplicity out of Complexity? Physics and the Aim of Science”. Please visit Editorial Manager® (https://www.editorialmanager.com/synt/Default.aspx) and select this heading when submitting the manuscript.

Submitted papers will be peer-reviewed as per usual journal practice. At least two reviewers will be assigned to each paper and final decisions will be taken by Synthese Editors in Chief, following the recommendation of the Guest Editors, which is based on the reviewers’ reports. Please prepare papers for anonymous reviews.

Submitted by Thomas Müller (University of Konstanz).

 

Three PhD Positions in Interdisciplinary Project in Philosophy and Physics (f/m/d; part-time 65%, E 13 TV-L or comparable)

The start date is December 1st, 2020, or by agreement. Three positions are available for four years each. Two positions (PhD1, PhD3) will be filled at the University of Konstanz and one (PhD2) at the University of Innsbruck.

The project “The future of creativity in basic research: Can artificial agents be authors of scientific discoveries?“, funded by the VolkswagenStiftung programme “Off the Beaten Track“, studies the role that current and emerging technologies of Artificial Intelligence (AI) can play in basic research, focusing on agency, creativity, and authorship. The project is led by Prof. Thomas Müller at the Department of Philosophy, University of Konstanz, and by Prof. Hans J. Briegel at the Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Innsbruck. The project connects methods and techniques from philosophy, physics, and AI in an integrated interdisciplinary approach to study the transformative role of new technologies in basic research. See the press release for details:

https://www.uni-konstanz.de/en/university/news-and-media/current-announcements/press-releases/press-releases-in-detail/ist-kuenstliche-intelligenz-zu-forschung-faehig/

There are three work packages corresponding to the three PhD positions, two centered on philosophy and based at Konstanz and one centered more on applications in physics and based at Innsbruck: PhD1 (KN): The meaning of experiment in AI-driven research; PhD 2 (IBK): Implementation and case studies; PhD 3 (KN): Agency and attributability of automated research. Each work package will approach our topic from a different perspective: philosophy of science, actual science, and action theory. Methods will vary accordingly, but formal modeling will be used throughout. This includes, to varying degrees, the use of (multi-)agent simulations and the implementation and refinement of machine learning algorithms.

Required background:

  • A completed university degree in a relevant field (philosophy, physics, or computer science / AI)
  • Real research experience will be of advantage
  • Strong communication skills
  • Fluency in English
  • An interest in interdisciplinary research

Application deadline: 9 August 2020
More details and link to the online application:
https://stellen.uni-konstanz.de/jobposting/ed4846445eb970ebe94602e81e1921dfb954e042

Submitted by Markus Seidel (WWU Münster).

 

Am Zentrum für Wissenschaftstheorie der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster ist ab dem 1. Oktober 2020 befristet bis zum 30. September 2021 eine Stelle

einer Lehrkraft für besondere Aufgaben
Entgeltgruppe 13 TV-L (100%)

im Rahmen einer Elternzeitvertretung zu besetzen.

Die regelmäßige Arbeitszeit beträgt bei Vollbeschäftigung zurzeit 39 Stunden 50 Minuten wöchentlich.

Stellenbesetzungen werden grundsätzlich auch in Teilzeit vorgenommen, sofern nicht im Einzelfall zwingende dienstliche Gründe entgegenstehen.

Der Aufgabenbereich umfasst:

1) Das Lehren von Seminaren mit wissenschaftsreflexivem Inhalt auf einem einführenden Niveau.
2) Die Koordination der Lehre am Zentrum für Wissenschaftstheorie (unter Beteiligung von Geschäftsführung und Sekretariat), z.B.
die Gestaltung des Lehrprogramms einschließlich Auswahl der Lehrbeauftragten,
die Zertifizierung unserer Seminare,
Korrespondenz mit und Betreuung der Lehrbeauftragten,
Allgemeine Studienberatung am ZfW,
die Notenverbuchung,
die Organisation des „Studierendentages“ und des „Essaypreises“ am ZfW.

Die Lehrverpflichtung beträgt bei Vollzeit 12 SWS.

Vorausgesetzt werden eine abgeschlossene Promotion im Fach Philosophie oder einem anderen für die Stelle relevanten Fach sowie Lehrerfahrung im Bereich der Wissenschaftstheorie. Weiterhin erwartet werden Organisationsstärke, selbständige Arbeitsweise, Flexibilität, Kommunikations- und Teamfähigkeit sowie Belastbarkeit. Kenntnisse universitärer Strukturen und Abläufe sind von Vorteil.

Die WWU tritt für Geschlechtergerechtigkeit ein und strebt eine Erhöhung des Anteils von Frauen in Forschung und Lehre an. Bewerbungen von Frauen sind daher ausdrücklich erwünscht; Frauen werden bei gleicher Eignung, Befähigung und fachlicher Leistung bevorzugt berücksichtigt, sofern nicht in der Person eines Mitbewerbers liegende Gründe überwiegen.

Schwerbehinderte werden bei gleicher Qualifikation bevorzugt eingestellt.

Bei Fragen wenden Sie sich bitte an Herrn Dr. Jens Salomon.

Ihre aussagekräftige Bewerbung mit den üblichen Unterlagen senden Sie bitte elektronisch bis zum 07.08.2020 (Bewerbungsschluss) als eine einzige PDF-Datei an:

Dr. Jens Salomon
Geschäftsführer
Zentrum für Wissenschaftstheorie
Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität
Domplatz 23
48143 Münster
zfw@uni-muenster.de

Link zur Stellenausschreibung: https://www.uni-muenster.de/Rektorat/Stellen/ausschreibungen/st_20201007_sk7.html

Submitted by Jürgen Landes (MCMP, LMU Munich).
 

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The Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy invites participation for the following online conference:

Bayesian Epistemology: Perspectives and Challenges

MCMP, LMU Munich
August 10-14, 2020
https://www.mcmp.philosophie.uni-muenchen.de/events/workshops/container/bayesian_epistemology_2020/index.html
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The conference on 12-14 August 2020 is preceded by a Summer School on 10-11 August 2020. Both will be held online.

Bayesian epistemology remains the dominant account of rational beliefs, it underpins the dominant account of decision making in science and beyond, as well as many of our statistical methods.
While important applications continue to to emerge, the work on the foundations of Bayesian epistemology never stops and a number of challenges are emerging.
The aim of this conference is bring together scholars exploring applications, challenges and foundations of Bayesian epistemology.

Registration
In order to register for the conference, please send an email to Juergen.Landes@lrz.uni-muenchen.de with the subject line: Registration: Bayesian Epistemology.

Organizers
Jürgen Landes (MCMP, LMU Munich)

Submitted by Silvia Jonas (MCMP, LMU Munich).

 

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The Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy invites registrations for the following event:
Mathematics and Analogical Reasoning
MCMP, LMU Munich
postponed to 27-28 August, 2021
https://silviajonas.wixsite.com/mathematicsanalogies
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IDEA & MOTIVATION:
The goal of this conference is to investigate the role of mathematics as a heuristic device for analogical reasoning in science and philosophy.

QUESTIONS we aim to address at the conference include (but are not limited to):

  • How can a positive mathematical analogy generate support for a particular theoretical view about otherwise disconnected physical systems?
  • Can we be sure that epistemic lessons from one domain carry over to another domain, given that there are always known points of disanalogy? If so, how?
  • Does the fact that shared mathematical structures can generate new scientific insights have a bearing on (enhanced) indispensability arguments for mathematical realism?
  • How can a mathematical analogy generate understanding of one system given our understanding of the model system?
  • What is an adequate methodology for analogical reasoning about meta-empirical domains (like mathematics or ethics)?
  • Are the mathematical background assumptions of recent arguments featuring mathematical analogies plausible (specifically in light of recent pluralist developments in set theory)?

More Information is available on the conference website:
https://silviajonas.wixsite.com/mathematicsanalogies.

The conference also has a PhilEvents website:
https://philevents.org/event/show/81150.

REGISTRATION:
In order to register please visit the conference website (https://silviajonas.wixsite.com/mathematicsanalogies) or contact Silvia Jonas (silvia.jonas@lmu.de) for further information.

ORGANIZERS:
Silvia Jonas (MCMP/LMU Munich)
Mark Colyvan (University of Sydney/MCMP)

https://silviajonas.wixsite.com/mathematicsanalogies
https://www.mcmp.philosophie.uni-muenchen.de/events/workshops/container/analogical_reasoning2020/index.html
https://philevents.org/event/show/81150

Submitted by Sander Verhaegh (TiLPS, Tilburg University).

 

Final CfP: 4th Annual TiLPS History of Analytic Philosophy Workshop

On December 14 and 15, 2020, the Tilburg Center for Moral Philosophy, Epistemology, and Philosophy of Science (TiLPS) organizes the fourth annual TiLPS History of Analytic Philosophy workshop. This workshop aims to bring together researchers interested in a wide range of topics and thinkers from the history of analytic philosophy (broadly conceived).

Keynotes

  1. Esther Ramharter (Institute Vienna Circle/University of Vienna)
  2. Sami Pihlström (University of Helsinki)
  3. Michael Beaney (Humboldt University of Berlin & University of Aberdeen)

Submission guidelines
Please submit an extended abstract (max. 1000 words) and a short abstract (max. 100 words) suitable for blind review. Submissions in all areas of the history of analytic philosophy are welcome. Especially contributions that discuss underexplored thinkers, topics, and traditions are encouraged. The deadline for submissions is July 1. Please send your abstracts to TiLPS[at]uvt.nl.

The proceedings of the workshop will be published as a special issue of Logique et Analyse. When you submit your abstract, please indicate whether you would like it to be considered for inclusion in the special issue.

Dates and Deadlines
July 1: Submission deadline
September 1: Notifications
December 14-15: Workshop

Programme committee
Filip Buekens (TiLPS, Tilburg University)
Sander Verhaegh (TiLPS, Tilburg University)
Nathan Wildman (TiLPS, Tilburg University)

More information Information about the workshop can be found at http://thapw2020.wordpress.com. If you have any questions regarding the workshop, please email us at A.A.Verhaegh[at]uvt.nl.

COVID-19 update: Given the ongoing uncertainties about the pandemic, at least part of the conference will be moved online. This allows contributors who are not able to come to Tilburg to participate as well. If the organization were to decide to move the complete conference online, contributors will be informed well in advance.

Submitted by Deniz Sarikaya (University of Hamburg).

 

CALL FOR APPLICATION, please circulate among interested students

Online Masterclass
Lakatos’ Undone Work
The Practical Turn and the Division of Philosophy of Mathematics and Philosophy of Science

https://lakatosundonework.weebly.com/

Online, hosted by the London School of Economics (LSE)

In this online masterclass, each of the 14 participating graduate students will write a research paper under the supervision of expert mentors from philosophy of science and philosophy of mathematics. Students can apply for different mentors and they will be matched with the mentors according to their interests.

As a participant of this masterclass, you will get:

  1. virtual career coaching by your academic mentor,
  2. an online conference on 5th/6th September 2020 where the student papers will be presented and discussed,
  3. feedback on your paper by your mentor.

The organisers plan to edit a special issue of KRITERION — Journal of Philosophy (http://www.kriterion-journal-of-philosophy.org/kriterion/), where the participants can submit the work which they have produced over the course of the masterclass, alongside some essays by mentors and invited experts.

Please note that all articles will go through double-blind peer-review and acceptance for the masterclass does not guarantee acceptance of your paper.

Participation
Applications are open now until 15th July 2020!
Registration may close earlier if we receive a lot of submissions.
Please visit https://lakatosundonework.weebly.com/ for more details.

Confirmed mentors
Neil Barton (University of Konstanz)
Karen Crowther (University of Oslo)
Philip Kitcher (Columbia University)
Brendan Larvor (University of Hertfordshire)
Colin Rittberg (Loughborough University)
Lorenzo Rossi (MCMP, LMU Munich)
Wesley Wrigley (University of Oxford)
up to 5 more TBA

Topic
The overarching theme of this masterclass is an analysis of a ‘practical turn’ in the philosophy of mathematics. Is this turn analogous to the practical turn in philosophy of sciences? Should it be? What are the exact roles of the actual empirical studies of mathematical practice (f.i. in mathematics education, sociology of mathematic, etc.)? How should these interact with the philosophy of mathematics? We want to encourage work looking at the following three areas:

First, we want to draw attention to the seminal work of Imre Lakatos: a) he was a key figure in developing early themes after the practical turn in the philosophy of physics through his idea of ‘research programmes’. b) his work in the philosophy of mathematics was a turning point of the discipline. However, he unfortunately did not have the time to develop his ideas due to his early death. He particularly aimed at transferring his insights from his work on the philosophy of science to the philosophy of mathematics.

In addition to that we want to encourage work on the interplay of the philosophy of mathematics and the philosophy of science. One might tackle questions such as: should philosophy of science conferences have tracks for philosophy of mathematics? What was the role of Tarski in the split of the two disciplines? How close should philosophy of mathematics community be to the one of logicians? How does this question relate to the growing community of philosophers of mathematical practice and the cooperation with other disciplines (such as ethno-mathematical studies, mathematical education, cognitive sciences, etc)?

Another possible string of investigation is the analysis of new scientific methodologies in the philosophy of mathematics. In how far they are philosophically significant? How they can inform a philosopher of mathematics? Similar problems already arise in philosophy of science in connection to science studies.

Organizer
Simon Nagler (Oxford/MCMP), Hannah Pillin (MCMP/LSE), and Deniz Sarikaya (Hamburg)

Submitted by Milla Lifke (Bielefeld University).

 

ONLINE Workshop: Niche Construction and Other Mechanisms in Ecology and Evolution

2-3 July 2020

8:30am-5pm Central European Summer Time (CEST)

Due to Corona Virus we are proud to be hosting an online workshop at the intersection of philosophy, ecology and evolution.

The workshop brings together philosophers, ecologists, and evolutionary biologists interested in niche construction, mechanisms, fitness, and function. We will discuss niche construction and other ecological-evolutionary mechanisms, along with related philosophical issues such as mechanistic explanation, how to understand fitness, and what role functions play in defining eco-evo mechanisms. In the process, we hope to overcome some of the challenges of integrating ecology and evolutionary biology.

This workshop takes place as part of the DFG-funded Collaborative Research Centre at the University of Münster, Bielefeld University and Jena University “A Novel Synthesis of Individualisation across Behaviour, Ecology and Evolution: Niche Choice, Niche Conformance, Niche Construction (NC³)“.

Speakers
Jan Baedke (Ruhr University Bochum)
Tina Heger (University of Potsdam)
Lynn Chiu (St. Andrews University)
Viorel Pâslaru (University of Dayton)
Grant Ramsey (KU Leuven)
Etienne Roux (University of Bordeaux)
Joachim Kurtz (University of Münster)
Behzad Nematipour (University of Münster)

Registration and further information

Organisers
Marie I. Kaiser (Bielefeld University)
Rose Trappes (Bielefeld University)
Ulrich Krohs (University of Münster)
Behzad Nematipour (University of Münster)

Submitted by Stephan Hartmann (MCMP, LMU Munich).

 

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Postdoctoral Fellowship at the ASC/MCMP (LMU Munich)

MCMP, LMU Munich
https://www.mcmp.philosophie.uni-muenchen.de/news/post_doc_asc_2020/index.html
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The Arnold Sommerfeld Center for Theoretical Physics (ASC) and the Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy (MCMP) at LMU Munich seek applications for a 1-year postdoctoral position.

The successful applicant is expected to collaborate with Prof. Stephan Hartmann and Dr. Daniele Oriti on the FQXi-funded project “The Epistemic Nature of Physical Laws: From Intelligent Agents to Quantum Gravity and Cosmology“. We are especially interested in candidates with research interest in philosophy of science, epistemology or foundations of physics.

Application deadline: July 1 2020

For more information and details see: https://www.mcmp.philosophie.uni-muenchen.de/news/post_doc_asc_2020/index.html

Submitted by Kian Salimkhani (Universität Köln) and Niels Linnemann (Universität Bremen).

 

Aktuelle Information aufgrund der COVID-19 Krise:
Der neue Termin für die Veranstaltung ist der 18.-20. Dezember 2020. Bei Fragen, bitte einfach eine Email an philphys@uni-bremen.de schicken.

 

Neue Bewerbungsfrist: 30. Juni 2020

 

Veranstaltung: 2. Wochenendseminar zur Philosophie der Physik: Philosophie der Quantenmechanik

 

Beschreibung:
Der Workshop richtet sich insbesondere an Bachelor- und Masterstudierende der Physik und der Philosophie und hat zum Ziel, mittels Fachvorträgen (von Sibylle Anderl, Manfred Stöckler, Marij van Strien und Stefan Wolf), einführender Vorlesungen (von Niels Linnemann und Kian Salimkhani) und vertiefender Diskussionsgruppen (geleitet von Jamee Elder, Milla Lifke und Niels Martens) das Forschungsgebiet der Philosophie der Physik vorzustellen.
Vorkenntnisse in Physik und Philosophie sind nicht erforderlich.

Hinweis: Der ursprünglich für Juni geplante genaue Ablauf des Workshops muss ggfs noch einmal angepasst werden. Zu den Fachvorträgen sind alle Interessierten herzlich eingeladen, eine Anmeldung ist nicht nötig.

Die Übernachtungen (inklusive Frühstück) der offiziellen (und nicht aus Bremen kommenden) Teilnehmer*innen während des Zeitraums des Workshops werden organisiert und bezahlt. Auch Reisekosten können bei Bedarf erstattet werden (hierzu bitte bei der Bewerbung angeben, ob Reisekostenzuschüsse gewünscht sind).

Wir freuen uns auf eure Bewerbungen!

Bewerbungsfrist: 30. Juni 2020

Veranstaltungsort und -zeit: Universität Bremen (oder ggfs online); 18.-20. Dezember 2020

Unterlagen: kurzes Motivationsschreiben (max. eine Seite) und Lebenslauf

Kontakt: philphys@uni-bremen.de

Website: Aktuelle Informationen werden unter philosophiederphysik.de bekannt gegeben.

Organisation: Niels Linnemann und Kian Salimkhani

Submitted by Erik Curiel (MCMP, LMU Munich).

 

Topical Issue of Synthese Call for Papers: “All Things Reichenbach”

Guest Editors:
Erik Curiel
Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy, LMU Munich
Black Hole Initiative, Harvard University
http://strangebeautiful.com

Flavia Padovani
English and Philosophy Department, Drexel University, Philadelphia
http://flaviapadovani.org/

Topical Collection Description:

Hans Reichenbach is among the most important philosophers of science of the Twentieth Century and without doubt one of the most prominent philosophers of physics of the first half of the past century. His work has ramified in fundamental ways into virtually every major debate in the philosophy of science and physics. While Reichenbach’s philosophical project is no longer seen as viable as a whole, his work continues to be influential often in unnoticed but deep ways. Although many of his ideas still retain their interest and are discussed in current philosophy of science, he remains, in fact, one of the least understood and least carefully studied philosophical thinkers of his time. Because his own work has not been well understood, his influence is not widely recognized. The primary aim of this collection is to fill this gap by illuminating his contributions to advances in many fields in philosophy, and his legacy in the context of current philosophical research across the discipline as a whole. The theme of the collection, therefore, will be an investigation of his work both in its own context and in its continuing contemporary influence in current philosophy. This collection aims, moreover, at reviving the tradition of inter-disciplinary collaboration that was at the heart of Reichenbach’s vision for intellectual work, promoting the cross-pollination of ideas that discussion across traditional disciplinary boundaries can create and so exploring ways in which his insights can continue to be valuable in current scientific and formal approaches to philosophy. It is, in that spirit, a sequel to the conference “All Things Reichenbach” that took place at the Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy (LMU Munich) in July 2019 (http://www.lmu.de/reichenbach2019).

Appropriate topics for submission include, among others:

1. geometry, space and relativity
2. the relativized a priori and conventionalism
3. coordination and measurement
4. causality and time
5. statistical mechanics and thermodynamics
6. realism, empiricism and scientific philosophy
7. reasoning, induction and confirmation
8. logic and probability

Any other topic related to Reichenbach is also welcome. As emphasized above, submitted papers can focus on Reichenbach’s own work in its historical context, on the influence of his work in contemporary debates, or on approaches to contemporary problems inspired by his work.

It is the aim of the editors that the selected papers will complement each other, both within each category and across categories.

The link for submitting your manuscript to Synthese, along with instructions for doing so, will be sent soon in a subsequent posting.

For further information, please contact the guest editors:
Erik Curiel erik.curiel@lmu.de
Flavia Padovani flavia.padovani@drexel.edu

The deadline for submissions is 15 November 2020.

Erik Curiel, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat, Munich, Germany
Flavia Padovani, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Submitted by Catherine Herfeld (University of Zurich).

 

CFP: Synthese Topical Collection: Concept Formation in the Natural and Social Sciences: Empirical and Normative Aspects

 

Guest Editors:
Georg Brun (University of Bern, Switzerland)
Catherine Herfeld (University of Zurich, Switzerland)
Kevin Reuter (University of Zurich, Switzerland)

 

Topic overview:
Concept formation has recently become a widely discussed topic in philosophy under the headings of “conceptual engineering”, “conceptual ethics”, and “ameliorative analysis”. Much of this work has been inspired either by the method of explication or by ameliorative projects. In the former case, concept formation is usually seen as a tool of the sciences, of formal disciplines, and of philosophy. In the latter case, concept formation is seen as a tool in the service of social progress. While recent philosophical discussions on concept formation have addressed natural sciences such as physics as well as various life sciences, so far there is only little direct engagement with the social sciences. To address this shortcoming is important because many debates about socially relevant concepts such as power, gender, democracy, risk, justice, or rationality, may best be understood as engaging in conceptual engineering. This topical collection addresses the nature and structure of concept formation in the natural and the social sciences alike, both as a process taking place within science and as an activity that aims at a broader impact in society. This will foster understanding of how concept formation proceeds not only in the natural sciences but also in disciplines such as psychology, cognitive science, political science, sociology and economics. Thereby, we aim at expanding the scope of the philosophical debate about concept formation more generally.

 

Papers could address questions such as:

  • Which methods of concept formation should be distinguished and why do scholars select them?
  • What are similarities and differences between concept formation in the natural and the social sciences?
  • How does concept formation in the social sciences work in specific cases?
  • How does and how should empirical research into concept use bear on concept formation?
  • How is concept formation shaped by factors such as current language use, measurement, theoretical virtues, and socio-political goals?
  • Do values enter processes of concept formation in science generally, and in the social sciences in particular?

We will consider projects that use either a systematic, a historical, or an empirical approach. We are particularly interested in experimental-philosophical work (e.g., questionnaire studies, corpus analysis) that discusses its use and/or its consequences for explicating or engineering socially-relevant concepts.

 

The deadline for submissions is 30th September, 2020.

 

For more information, please contact the guest editors.

Georg Brun: georg.brun@philo.unibe.ch
Catherine Herfeld: catherine.herfeld@uzh.ch
Kevin Reuter: kevin.reuter@uzh.ch

Submitted by Sander Verhaegh (TiLPS, Tilburg University).

 

CfP: 4th TiLPS History of Analytic Philosophy Workshop

On December 14 and 15, 2020, the Tilburg Center for Moral Philosophy, Epistemology, and Philosophy of Science (TiLPS) organizes the fourth annual TiLPS History of Analytic Philosophy workshop. This workshop aims to bring together researchers interested in a wide range of topics and thinkers from the history of analytic philosophy (broadly conceived).

Confirmed keynotes

  • Michael Beaney (Humboldt University of Berlin & University of Aberdeen)
  • Esther Ramharter (Institute Vienna Circle/University of Vienna)
  • Sami Pihlström (University of Helsinki)

Submission guidelines
Please submit an extended abstract (max. 1000 words) and a short abstract (max. 100 words) suitable for blind review. Submissions in all areas of the history of analytic philosophy are welcome. Especially contributions that discuss underexplored thinkers, topics, and traditions are encouraged. The deadline for submissions is July 1. Please send your abstracts to TiLPS[at]uvt.nl.

The proceedings of the workshop will be published as a special issue of Logique et Analyse. When you submit your abstract, please indicate whether you would like it to be considered for inclusion in the special issue.

Dates and Deadlines
July 1: Submission deadline
September 1: Notifications
December 14-15: Workshop

Programme committee
Filip Buekens (TiLPS, Tilburg University)
Sander Verhaegh (TiLPS, Tilburg University)
Nathan Wildman (TiLPS, Tilburg University)

More information Information about the workshop can be found at http://thapw2020.wordpress.com. If you have any questions regarding the workshop, please email us at A.A.Verhaegh[at]uvt.nl.

COVID-19 update
Given the ongoing uncertainties about the pandemic, we are currently working on a plan B, which includes the option of holding a virtual congress instead of a face-to-face meeting. If the organization should decide to move the conference online, contributors will be informed well in advance.

Submitted by Alexander Gebharter (University of Groningen).

 

CANCELATION — SOPhiA 2020

Due to the recent CORONA-19 pandemic the organising committee decided to cancel this year’s SOPhiA conference (originally planned for September 2020). The reason for this is that recent developments make the near future too unpredictable. But even if the conference could, in the end, take place in September 2020, we would be worried that we cannot guarantee the safety of our participants. The next conference, SOPhiA 2021, will be announced as usual later this year, probably in December.

Stay safe and best wishes,

The SOPhiA Organising Committee