The analysis and construction of automata – more recently called robots – has often stimulated, inspired, and influenced the development of theories on the morphology and behaviour of living systems. At least since the 17th century, observation of hydraulic machines, clocks, automated theatrical representations, and humanoid automata often prompted adoption of mechanistic conceptions of life and animal behaviour. Robots have been used as models of sensory-motor and information processing mechanisms in 20th-century Cybernetics and cognitive science. More recently, in so-called interactive biorobotics, the study of animal-robot interaction dynamics offers insights into the mechanisms of social behaviour and cognition.
The aim of this special issue is to gather articles centred on the following questions.
* What epistemic roles have automata played, throughout history, in the study of animal (possibly, human) behaviour, morphology, cognition?
* Is there any trace of genuine experimental use of automata for theorizing on the behaviour and cognition of animals and humans before the 20th century?
* What conceptions of ‘machine’ and ‘living system’ lay behind early and contemporary machine-supported studies on living system behaviour?
* What kind of practices have been adopted throughout history to design and build automata and to validate knowledge produced through them? How did these practices change over time?
* What roles can a reflection on the epistemic uses of automata play in the broader discussion on the material turn in science studies and on the technoscientific status of 21st-century science?
* What broader economic and political interests have been at stake in designing and using bio-robots? How do these interests enable or constrain broader epistemic agendas?
* What roles so-called invisible technicians have played in producing knowledge through automata?
* How were automata produced and used in non-Western societies?
* How has the relationship between engineering and biological science changed over time?
* January 31st, 2022: submission of a long abstract of the article to the Guest Editors (ca. 1500 words)
https://www.wissphil.de/wp-content/uploads/Studies-in-History-and-Philosophy-of-Science.png346270Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamillahttp://www.wissphil.de/wp-content/uploads/GWP-logo.pngChristian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla2021-09-20 07:47:192021-09-20 07:47:20CfP: Robots and Living Organisms: New Historical and Philosophical Perspectives (Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, Deadline: January 31, 2022)
Department of Philosophy
University of Duesseldorf
40225 Duesseldorf, GermanyGWP
Lehrstuhl für Theoretische Philosophie
40225 Duesseldorf, Deutschland